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Moore and Stephenson (no dates). American Library Association Twenty-first annual conference, Atlanta, Georgia, May 8-13, 1899. Courtesy

Are you exploring possible career paths?  Considering starting up a business of your own?  Looking for guidance on marketing your services as a private contractor?  Trade and professional associations are a useful resource in all of these circumstances.  They offer opportunities to learn about a career or business field, connect with other professionals, and benefit from special services provided to association members.

How do you find associations in your field?  A simple keyword Internet search (for example, paralegal associations) might be all you need.  On the other hand, there are advantages to using selective, published association directories, which can help you sort the well-established organizations from the fly-by-night groups.  Also, published directories offer the option of browsing, which can lead to new, creative ideas.  Maybe you didn’t know that there is an American Society of Indexing or a Biomass Power Association.  Browsing can lead a researcher down some interesting paths she hadn’t considered before.

The Brooks Memorial Library offers association-related material in print form and online.  Here’s a roundup of resources:

In print, on the Library’s shelves:

  • Encyclopedia of Careers & Vocational Guidance.  Ferguson Publishing, 2010.  REF 331.7 ENC.  We tend to call it “Ferguson’s” around the Library.  It’s a five-volume set of profiles of various career fields, including information on things like training, earnings potential, and typical work environments.  Each entry also includes contact information and website urls for trade and professional associations in that field.
  • Survey of American Industries and Careers.   Salem Press, 2012.  Hot off the press, and just reviewed by our own Jerry Carbone in the Booklist review journal.  It hasn’t even been cataloged yet, but you will find it soon in the Reference area near the Ferguson’s.  It updates and supplements Ferguson’s beautifully, so you’ll want to check both for information on your field, including information on associations.

Online, through the Library’s website (access from home with your card):

  • Business & Company Resource Center.  On the website, select Resources > Business.  Search for your field in the Industries section.  If you find a profile for your industry, look for the “Associations” tab on the far right of the screen.  It will bring up entries from published directories of national, international, and U.S. regional associations.
  • Small Business Resource Center On the website, select Resources > Business.  On the first screen, click on “Business Types,” choose your field of interest, and then click on the “Directories” tab.  It will link you to entries from business reference books, including roundups of trade and professional associations for small businesses of all kinds.

Online, free to all:

  • Associations on the Net, a special collection of the Internet Public Library.  Click on “Special Collections Created by IPL2,” and then choose the Associations on the Net link under “Other Collections.”  Use the subject links on the left side of the screen to zero in on associations in your field.  All of them have subdivisions to get even more specific information; for example, “Health and Medical Sciences” includes 20 or so specific health-related fields, all with their own associations.
  • Occupational Outlook Handbook, from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.  A free source that covers some of the same ground as Ferguson’s and the Survey of American Industry & Careers.  Includes links to trade and professional associations with a disclaimer that the links are for convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

May you find many rewarding associations!




The website of the Vermont Small Business Development Center welcomes visitors to “The #1 Resource for Small Business,” and it looks like they have to substance to back that up.

Funded by the Small Business Administration, the VT Department of Economic Development, and Vermont State Colleges, the VtSBDC offers free confidential coaching for existing businesses and low-cost training for entrepreneurs and business owners. Check out the Training tab for a rolling calendar of programs like Starting Your Own Small Business, Building a Sustainable Agricultural Business, and Introduction to Government Contracting, to name a few.

Besides offering its own programs, the VtSBDC serves as a clearinghouse of information on related agencies and organizations. Click on the Resources tab for many useful links, from demographic statistics to trade associations to government regulatory agencies.

Bottom line:  A terrific one-stop resource for small Vermont businesses.

robot Is your call important to YOU?  Check out to “bypass phone systems, talk to a live person, [and] share customer help tips.”   The site lists numbers for businesses and organizations in the U.S., Canada, and several other countries. Entries are dated so you know the information is current, and site users add tips and notes to increase your chances of reaching a real person.

oohcover parachute virtual-jobjob-loss

Tip: The Library has free resources on all aspects of career planning and job hunting.


Brattleboro’s unemployment rate currently stands at 7.1% , and many of us have begun the unpleasant process of looking for a new job during an economic downturn. If you find yourself in this predicament, why not stop by the library? We have some fantastic resources that will make your search for the perfect job that much easier.

Interested in making a career change but don’t know where to begin? The library has several guides on hand, including Richard Nelson Bolles’ What color is your parachute? (331.1 BOL) and Laurence G. Boldt’s Zen and the art of making a living: a practical guide to creative career design (650.14 BOL). A subject search for “career development” and/or “career change” will help you locate others.

If you do have a clear sense of what careers interest you but need more concrete information about them (such as educational requirements, average wages, and current demand), you should swing by Reference and take a look at the Occupational outlook handbook (REF 371.42 OCC). The handbook, which can also be accessed online at, is produced by the U.S. Department of Labor and has detailed data on countless professions.

In Reference you will also find The guide to basic resume writing (REF 650.14 GUI). Other resume guides can be checked out of the library, and can be located by doing a subject search for “resumes.” If you don’t have access to a personal computer, you can use one of the library’s computers to type up your resume. Just click on the “resume” option at the start-up page, and be sure to bring a flash drive so that you can save your work!

Looking for places to send your resume? Reference USA, a database available at the library (or from home using your library card), has a searchable business database that provides business names and addresses. You can limit your search to Brattleboro businesses by doing a custom search by city.

Now it’s time to improve your interviewing skills. A subject search for “employment interviewing” will list the library’s books on this topic. There are also two DVDs that can be borrowed: Interviewing for a job (DVD 650.14 INT) and The virtual job interview (DVD 6501.14 VIR).

There will also be times during your search when you are in need of encouragement. Lynn Joseph’s The job-loss recovery guide: a proven program for getting back to work—fast! (155.9 JOS) may be just the ticket. And of course, the reference staff is more than happy to assist with questions you encounter during the job seeking process.

time-person-of-the-year magazines

Tip: You can read current newsstand issues of many magazines on the Library’s website.


The Library has lots of popular magazines, but the current copy — the one on the newsstands — is not available for check out until the next issue arrives. But now there is another option: full-text articles from current issues of many magazines are available on the library’s website.

I did a search for some weekly news magazines and found that Newsweek, Time, and U.S. News & World Report all have current issues in the Library’s General Onefile database. It is very easy to access:

On the website, click on resources, then choose these links:

general-icon1 General: Magazine & journal articles on many topics

General Onefile – popular magazines and journal articles.

If you are searching from within the Library, you will go right to the database. If you are searching for home, you will need to type in your library card number.

Once you’re in General Onefile, click the link at the top of the screen called Publication Search and type the title of your magazine in the search box to see if it is included in the database.

If your magazine appears in the search results, the description will tell you whether the database includes full-text or index only:



  • ISSN: 0028-9604
  • Publisher: Newsweek, Inc.
  • Issues/Year: 52
  • Audience: General
  • Publication Format Magazine/Journal
  • Index coverage: Jan 7, 1980 – Current
  • Full-text coverage: Dec 12, 1994 – Current

Click on the link for the title and scroll down to find links to current and recent issues:

Jan 12, 2009; Vol.152, Issue 02

Jan 5, 2009; Vol.153, Issue 01

For those who would like current information about computers, PC Magazine and Macworld have current issues in the database – in fact, Macworld has full-text with graphics, so you can see PDF files that include illustrations. For sports enthusiasts, there is Sports Illustrated, and People Weekly is available for those who like to be up to date on popular culture.

Other titles that I found with this feature are Consumer Reports, Business Week, Money, and Fortune. All titles that have the current issue also have a backfile that can be viewed.

Current issues are just the tip of the iceberg in this database, which is part of the Vermont Online Library (VOL), a cooperative project of the Vermont Department of Libraries and local public libraries. Through the VOL databases, archives of thousands of magazine can be searched by author, subject or title. Indexes go back many years but vary by magazine. Academic journals are also part of the database.

Give it a try. See what treasures you find. It is all free, paperless and available 24 hours a day with your library card and a computer.

If this strikes your fancy and you would like to learn more, please stop by the Reference desk. We would also like to hear about some of your discoveries.



Tip: For business & nonprofit contacts, Reference USA takes you beyond the Yellow Pages.


Long post alert! Sorry, but there are so many details about this one that I didn’t want to leave anything out. If you want to skip the words and check out Reference USA on your own, look to the bottom of this post for login and search instructions.

Reference USA is a huge database of contact information on residences and businesses, but its value only becomes clear when you use it to answer specific questions. For example, if you need to verify your cousin’s street address in a distant city, or if you want to locate all the self-service laundries in his zip code area so you can keep your clothes clean when you visit him, Reference USA can help. But those are only two of its many tricks.

Businesses – even tiny ones – use this database to market their products and services to other businesses and organizations. Say you have a home-based business making beauty products that you want to market to hair salons in the area. In Ref USA, you can set up a search for salons in Windham County, VT; Cheshire County, NH; and Franklin County, MA. If you want, you can limit your search to the larger salons by specifying a range of annual sales or number of employees. The database will generate a nice contact list for you, and if you follow up on the detailed record for each business, you can find the name and title (Mr., Ms., Miss…?) of the owner and other key people.

Job hunters can use these same features to find potential employers in their field of interest. Are you a hair stylist who just moved to the area, and are you looking for a job? You can try the same search to scope out the possibilities and make notes on number of employees, owner’s name, number of years the salon has been in business, and other useful details.

I should note that this database has info that isn’t available on free internet sites or in phone books. The residential portion is built on phone book listings, and the business portion uses Yellow Pages headings, but Ref USA employees research companies and obtain lots of additional details.

All visitors to the BML can tap into this source, and library cardholders can access it from home or from anyplace with an internet connection. Here are the instructions for logging in and doing the beauty salon search in the example:

At the BML website, follow these buttons and links:

resources-buttonResources > rs_reference_btn Reference > Reference USA.

If you are searching from outside the library, it will prompt you for your card number.

On the first screen you’ll see a box on the left side with headings for Business and Residential databases.


For this example, click the search link under Business Databases.

You will see three blue tabs. Try the last one, called Guided Search.


Notice that five number options appear across the top of the screen. These are different screens where you can specify search parameters. You can use all of them or just one or two:

guidedbuscharacterion 1. Business Characteristics.

  • On this page, there’s a box where you can type in your best guess at the Yellow Pages heading for the type of business you need (e.g., beauty salons).
  • Click “Lookup.” That’s a very important step; you have to choose from the listings that pop up.
  • If you click on headings that look relevant, they will appear in the selection box on the right side of the screen. You can choose as many as you want; I chose just the first one for this example (723106: Beauty Salons).

guidedsizeofbusinesson 2. Size of Business.

  • You don’t have to specify anything here, but if you want, you can choose one or more categories. For example, you can choose only businesses with 5-9 or 10-29 employees.

guidedbusinessgeoon 3. Geography.

  • Look to the left side of the screen to see how you might specify geography. In this example, we want salons in Windham County and the two neighboring counties in New Hampshire and Massachusetts, so click on the County, State option.
  • This brings you to a pull-down menu where you can select a state (Let’s start with Vermont).
  • Once you choose the state, click on the county (Windham), and it will appear in the selection box on the right side of the screen.
  • Now choose other states & counties from the same pull-down menus (New Hampshire – Cheshire; Masschusetts – Franklin) until you have all the counties you want to search.
  • As you can see, there are many other ways to search geography, so you might want to play around with that. Zip code is a handy one.

guidedotheron 4. Other Selections.

  • This is where you can search on fancy things, like number of years in the database and Fortune 1000 ranking, but most of our excellent salons are NOT in the Fortune 1000, so that might not be relevant.

guidedreviewon 5. Review Selections.

  • This lets you look at the search you set up and shows you how many records meet your search criteria. Then you can look at the records by clicking the View Results button. When I searched on Beauty Salons of any size in Windham, Cheshire, and Franklin Counties, I retrieved 151 results on 7 pages.
  • The initial list gives you basic contact info, and it’s easy to print. If you want to view details on a salon, such as the owner’s name, you can click on the link for that specific business.

I wish that this database had a more exciting and descriptive name, but I’m a real believer in its value. A BML patron who recently moved to the area said that her previous big city library had nothing more valuable than Reference USA! Another patron bought an out-of-town library card specifically to have access to this database. I hope that you will take a minute to see how it can help you, whether you’re launching a new marketing program or looking for a nice coffee shop or tracking down an old high school friend – it’s all there.

About this blog



Brooks Memorial Library Reference Department:

Jeanne Walsh, Therese Marcy, Sharon Reidt, Jess Weitz, and sometimes Jerry